Human Papilloma Virus / Cervical Cancer



Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a group of more than 100 viruses that are extremely common worldwide. At least thirteen types of HPV are known as high-risk or cancer-causing. HPV is mostly transmitted through sexual contact. Two HPV types (16 and 18) cause 70% of cervical cancers and precancerous cervical lesions worldwide. One-third of the world's cervical cancer burden is in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In Asia, HPV has been linked to 67% of all cervical cancer and, particularly in South Asia, HPV has been linked to 80% of cervical cancer. The World Health Organization (WHO) Information Center on HPV and Cervical Cancer states the incidence of cervical cancer in Nepal is 24.2 per 100,000, giving Nepal one of the highest rates of cervical cancer in the world. 9.65 million Nepali women are at risk of developing cervical cancer, with over 2000 people diagnosed annually and over 1000 deaths each year.